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Pneumologia and sleep medicine (OSAS prevention)

Snoring is not
a simple defect you have to stand
but it has to be considered
as a condition to be prevented and cured

 

What is SNORING
It is a sleep alteration characterized by chronic snoring. It can start at any age, even in kids, but it is far more frequent in older age. The snoring starts in the throat through an abnormal tissue vibration, like the soft palate, the pharyngeal mucosa and the tongue. Obesity is a predisposing factor; other underlying causes are malocclusions with overbite, or a smaller vertical dimension due to the loss of the back teeth.

What is SLEEP APNEA
The OSAS (Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome) is a clinical picture characterized by apnea/hypopnea during the sleep, with a different frequency according to the disease stage. Obstructive sleep apneas go together, to a variable extent, to a desaturation of the oxygen in the blood.

Possible TREATMENTS
For what concerns snoring treatment, it is mainly overlapping with that of OSAS treatment. The treatment is given according to the disease staging. Snoring in absence of sleep apnea can benefit a lot from using a dental device called palatal expander. It is a removable orthodontic appliance that is used during sleep. To this, other devices can be used to lead not to sleep with your supine body during sleep. A surgery is only for limited cases with clear anatomical dysmorphism. The most effective treatment for OSAS with severe apneas is the CPAP, a device that inputs in the respiratory tract air with positive pressure, which is the treatment’s gold standard.

In any case, it is strongly advised to have the support of a nutrition specialist.